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# 瞬子的英文

• instanton
• :    wink; twinkling
• :    son

### 例句与用法

1. The life time of the metastable n - phase state is evaluated explicitly in term of the instanton method
对于亚稳的-位相态，我们利用瞬子技术计算了它的衰变率或寿命。
2. It is our main purpose to extend the static instantons of scalar 4 - and sine - gordon - theory of 1 + 1 dimension to that of 2 + 1 dimension
本文的主要目的是将1 + 1维非线性场的静态瞬子理论推广到2 + 1维。
3. First , we give a brief review of instanton theory of 1 + 1 dimension . then we obtain the instantons in 4 - field model of 2 + 1 dimension
文章首先回顾了1 + 1维~ 4和sine - gordon场方程静态瞬子的相关理论，讨论了静态瞬子的能量密度、及其稳定性。
4. In particular , it is found that static instantons are just domain wall solutions in the magnetic film . stability of the domain walls is also investigated in terms of the instanton theory
我们发现静态周期瞬子正是铁磁膜中的畴壁，用相应的瞬子理论讨论了畴壁的稳定性。
5. It is the main purpose of this paper to calculate the energy splitting of ground state and excited states induced by thermally assisted quantum tunneling . first , a brief introduction is given for the theoretical and experimental studies on the magnetic macroscopic quantum effects . then , spin tunneling in a uniaxial ferromagnetic particle in transverse magnetic field is converted to a pseudoparticle moving in effective double - well potential with the help of the effective potential description of quantum spin systems developed by ulyanov and zaslavskii . finally using the periodic instanton method we evaluate the transition amplitude , energy shift and prefactor of wkb exponential and the energy splitting of ground state and the tunneling rate for excited states induced by thermally assisted quantum tunneling are obtained
文章首先对磁性宏观量子效应的理论和实验方面作了简单介绍，然后借助于ulyanov和zaslavskii发展的一种等效势描述方法，把外磁场沿难磁化轴方向时的自旋隧穿约化成在等效双势阱中运动的粒子，利用瞬子方法给出基态能级劈裂，最后利用周期瞬子方法分别计算了隧穿幅、能级移动以及wkb前因子，从而给出由于热助量子隧穿引起的激发态的隧穿率。