[ strein ]发音:   用"strain"造句
  • vt.


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  1. Red strains of delicious are being planted .
  2. He is straining under their pressure .
  3. The relations between the two countries are strained .
  4. It was a great strain on my resources .
  5. Then the orchestra played a quick-step strain .


  1. the act of singing; "with a shout and a song they marched up to the gates"
  2. an intense or violent exertion
  3. an effortful attempt to attain a goal
    同义词:striving, nisus, pains
  4. the general meaning or substance of an utterance; "although I disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument"
  5. a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; "she was humming an air from Beethoven"
    同义词:tune, melody, air, melodic line, line, melodic phrase
  6. a special variety of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new strain of sheep"
    同义词:breed, stock
  7. (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups; "a new strain of microorganisms"
    同义词:form, variant, var.
  8. (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
  9. injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
  10. (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress; "his responsibilities were a constant strain"; "the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"
    同义词:mental strain, nervous strain
  11. difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "she endured the stresses and strains of life"; "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson
  1. cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious; "he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up"
    同义词:tense, tense up
  2. alter the shape of (something) by stress; "His body was deformed by leprosy"
    同义词:deform, distort
  3. to exert much effort or energy; "straining our ears to hear"
    同义词:strive, reach
  4. use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"; "Don''t strain your mind too much"
  5. rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender; "puree the vegetables for the baby"
  6. remove by passing through a filter; "filter out the impurities"
    同义词:filter, filtrate, separate out, filter out
  7. separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements; "sift the flour"
    同义词:sift, sieve
  8. become stretched or tense or taut; "the bodybuilder''s neck muscles tensed;" "the rope strained when the weight was attached"
  9. test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!"
    同义词:try, stress


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